Nature Day in Iran
Nature Day in Iran
Iran Nature Day known as Sizdah-bedar is marked on the 13th day of the current month of Farvardin corresponding to April 1, when Iranians have the tradition of spending the day outdoors. ‘’Sizdah’’ means thirteen, and “-bedar’’ outdoors.
It is a tradition amongst the Iranian people to enjoy the fresh spring air of this day before ending the annual fortnightly holidays of the New Year, and to begin the work and education schedule.The tradition of leaving the house on the thirteenth day of Farvardin is widespread throughout Iran. It is a day that is spent outside with joy, laughter and friendly gettogether. This is the last phase of the celebrations of the New Year. It is the custom of many Iranians to pass as many hours as possible outdoors. People leave their homes to go to the parks or mountains for a picnic. All kinds of food and delicacies are prepared with tea, sherbet, fruits, bread, cheese, fresh herbs, noodle soup called ‘ash-e reshteh’ and herbed rice with lamb called baqalipolou and barreh are favorites. The occasion is a communal one and all close relatives and friends will participate. Iranian families all eat alfresco, preferably near water springs and lush greener spots on this day. Sizdah-Bedar is the last day of the New Year holidays. On the following day, routine life resumes; schools and offices open after almost a fortnight and life heads back to normalcy. The occasion has no religious significance and is celebrated by all. 2013
Nature Day in other
together. This is the last phase of the celebrations of the New Year. It is the custom of many Iranians to pass as many hours as possible outdoors. People leave their homes to go to the parks or mountains for a picnic. All kinds of food and delicacies are prepared with tea, sherbet, fruits, bread, cheese, fresh herbs, noodle soup called ‘ash-e reshteh’ and herbed rice with lamb called baqalipolou and barreh are favorites. The occasion is a communal one and all close relatives and friends will participate. Iranian families all eat alfresco, preferably near water springs and lush greener spots on this day. Sizdah-Bedar is the last day of the New Year holidays. On the following day, routine life resumes; schools and offices open after almost a fortnight and life heads back to normalcy. The occasion has no religious significance and is celebrated by all.
In addition to Iran, SizdahBedar is also among the festivals celebrated in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, India, and many other parts of the world. Games using horse are often chosen since this animal also represents rain. Adults and older people may play the traditional game of backgammon. During the picnic day of SizdahBedar, some people also follow the oldest prank-tradition in the world and play jokes on each other. This has possibly led many men and women to consider that the origin of the April Fools’ Day goes back to the Iranian tradition of SizdahBedar.
The Islamic RePublic Day
34 years ago the Iranian nation took part in a unique referendum and chose Islamic Republic as its ideal government system.
Therefore, Farvardin 12, corresponding to March 31 reminds a historical day in the first year after the victory of the Islamic revolution. On this fateful day, people all over Iran with an overwhelming majority of votes selected Islamic Republic system to replace the despotic unpopular hereditary regime.
One of the socio-political values is referring to the votes of people. While just 50 days had passed from the victory of the Islamic revolution, Imam Khomeini (May his soul rest in peace), with a firm trust in the vigilant presence of the Iranian nation on the scene to determine their fate, called on the revolutionary people to rush to the opinion polls to decide the future of Iran. The late Imam didn’t impose anything on people and only stressed that he would vote to Islamic Republic, not a single word less or more.
True Democracy Materialization
Farvardin 12 is actually an obvious reflection of a true democracy which was materialized during the first months after the victory of the Islamic revolution. Since the Iranians have always loved Islam and been decisive to materialize a system based on Islamic precepts and tenets, basically there was no need to hold a referendum and opinion poll. As a matter of fact, the late Imam insisted on prove this reality to the world bodies that although the revolution hadbeen triumphed under the banner of Islam and for the very materialization of Islamic system, the system would be established through the popular votes.Without doubt the Iranian nation’s response to the Imam’s demand was quite clear and unambiguous. Nonetheless, in Farvardin 12 referendum, the Iranian nation voted for the Islamic Republic system to stabilize the revolution’s achievements. In this referendum, 98.2 percent of the Iranian people voted yes to the Islamic Republic system. Islamic system was indeed one side of the Iranian people’s slogan, namely: independence, freedom and Islamic Republic.
Freedom and Independence
The founder of the Islamic Republic Imam Khomeini (May his soul rest in peace) prior to the holding of Farvardin 12 referendum, in a message stressed two important points, one of which was the necessity of an all-out participation of people in the referendum and the other was the freedom of people to elect their ideal political system. In parts of his message, Imam Khomeini (May his soul rest in peace) reiterated:
“This referendum will determine the fate of our nation. This referendum either brings you to freedom and independence or to repression as in the past. All should take part in this referendum. You can choose any system you wish. You have the right to write whatever you want, democratic republic, monarchic regime or whatever you wish.”
The Muslim Iranians who had given priority to independence, freedom and the Islamic Republic in the slogans of the revolution, had thus already announced their resolute vote to the Islamic Republic but to stabilize the Islamic revolution’s achievements they enthusiastically participated at the ballot boxes. Therefore the Islamic revolutiongained its ultimate victory via approximately 100 percent vote in favour of the Islamic republic system.
The Iranian nation’s vote to the Islamic Republic system was the beginning of a new model of government inspired by the salvaging teachings of Islam which opened a new horizon to the man who had been fed up with the capitalist system and Laic regimes.
In his message on the occasion of holding the Islamic republic referendum, Imam Khomeini (May his soul rest in peace) said, “I announce to the world that such a referendum is unprecedented in Iran’s history where people in the whole country rushed to the opinion polls, cast their positive votes and buried forever the Pahlavi regime in the dustbin of history.
The referendum of Farvardin 10-11, 1358 in the Iranian calendar year had international messages for determining Iran’s governmental system. One of the main aspects of the referendum was the continuation of the society’s political move to strengthen the bases of independence of the system. In every society, people’s political participation has international messages. One of the most important of these messages is the reflection of the people’s political and social unityRule of People on People
The establishment of the Islamic Republic system in Iran, in addition to determining the fate of the Iranian nation in the path of independence and popular religious rule, has had deep and lasting impacts at the regional and international level especially in the Middle East the traces of which have been revealed in the Islamic awakening in the region.
With the birth of the Islamic Republic the theory of separation of religion from politics was shattered and the Islamic rule emerged on the basis of religious teachings with its comprehensive capacities.
The Islamic Republic system is actually the rule of people which has become meaningful on the basis of people’s role in setting up the system, its advancement and continuation.
During the past 33 years, the enemies of the Islamic Republic system have done their best, by planning different plots including the imposed war, assassination of political figures and nuclear scientists, economic sanctions and creation of obstacle on Iran’s access to peaceful nuclear technology, to undermine the independence of the Iranian nation. But the Iranian nation has firmly stood on its ideals and has turned the Islamic Republic system into a clear model for other nations to resist against the domineering powers.
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